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    Archived pages: 373 . Archive date: 2012-11.

  • Title: University of California, Berkeley
    Descriptive info: .. Skip to navigation.. Skip to links.. Skip to news.. search.. Berkeley web.. Directory.. NewsCenter.. MOBILE.. |.. MAP.. CALMAIL.. bCAL.. SEARCH:.. Students.. Prospective students.. Faculty.. Staff.. Cal Parents.. Alumni & friends.. About Berkeley.. Overview.. Facts at a glance.. National rankings.. Faculty awards and honors.. History of UC Berkeley.. Timeline of discoveries and contributions.. Traditions of Cal.. Tours webcams.. Chancellor administration.. UC system overview.. Applying to Berkeley.. Undergraduate admissions.. Graduate admissions.. Transfer, Re-entry, Student Parent Center.. International student admissions.. Disabled Students' Program.. Fees (undergraduate graduate).. Financial aid, scholarships, fellowships.. Summer sessions.. Continuing education (UC Berkeley Extension).. Academics.. Academic departments programs (A-Z).. Colleges schools.. Course listings schedule of classes.. Teaching & Learning Division.. Graduate Division.. UC Extension, summer classes, studying abroad, lifelong learning.. Registrar's Office.. Libraries.. Advising tutoring services.. Research.. Research portal (policies, funding, support).. Research programs units (A-Z).. Faculty expertise database.. Museums collections.. Research publications.. Undergraduate Research Office.. Seti@Home.. Teaching.. Teaching & Learning office.. Bear Facts for faculty/staff.. bSpace.. Resources, tools technology.. Unique teaching opportunities.. Development, recognition, fellowships.. Committees policies.. Working.. Jobs (faculty, staff student) and benefits.. Career Compass (staff job development).. Operational Excellence.. Workplace tools services.. Workplace policies.. Training, development organizations.. UC Benefits (systemwide benefits).. Human Resources at Berkeley.. Child care family services.. Retirement Center.. Campus life.. Entertainment.. Sports and recreation.. Student Affairs..  ...   A-Z list of Administration division units.. UC System overview.. Health, safety environmental services.. Human Resources, aging, gender, parenting.. Computing.. Construction facilities management.. Policies, memos, committees.. Schools, colleges departments.. A-Z index of websites.. Academic calendar.. Events.. Courses.. edX.. Schedule of classes.. Summer.. TeleBears.. BearFacts.. International students scholars.. Jobs.. Career Center.. Diversity, equity inclusion.. Museums.. Blu.. Bookstore.. Cal gear.. Rec Sports.. Health services.. (Tang Center).. Emergency preparedness.. Give to Cal.. Athletics.. VIDEO PODCASTS.. Online Tour.. Commission on Library's future invites input.. Panel to look at services, staffing, technology, financial models.. EPA recognizes campus food waste reduction program.. On America Recycles Day, Cal praised for recycling.. Fire retardant linked to delays in children.. Study raises new concerns over a prevalent household chemical.. Cal Athletics signs a strong new crop.. Five-time Olympic medalist Missy Franklin among first to sign.. A maestro moves in for the weekend.. Brewmeister savors buzz of extreme science.. Robert Reich: Why BP isn't a criminal.. FACULTY EXPERTS WEIGH IN.. Critic's Choice highlights.. New media:.. How class and power work in the post-internet age.. , 11/19.. Conversation:.. Inequality across the Americas.. , 11/19.. Photography:.. Korea in the cross-fire - the war photographs of John Rich.. , ongoing.. Today's events.. Websites A-Z.. Add site to A-Z.. Policies.. Contact us.. Copyright UC Regents; all rights reserved..

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  • Title: Students - UC Berkeley
    Descriptive info: Skip to main content.. Alumni friends.. Quick Links.. Courses (General Catalog).. International student services.. Diversity, equity & inclusion.. Health services (Tang Center).. Public service community.. Freshman and Sophomore Seminars celebrate 20 years.. An open letter from UC Berkeley Dean Keith Gilless to the Albany community.. Commission on Library s future invites input.. Nuclear physicist Stuart Freedman has died at 68.. On America Recycles Day, EPA recognizes campus food waste reduction.. More news.. On this page.. Academics.. Fees, financial aid, scholarships fellowships.. Jobs, internships and careers.. New students.. Settling in getting around.. Popular student sites.. CalMail.. Bear Facts.. General Catalog.. Student calendar.. Add/drop deadlines.. Daily Californian.. Podcasts web video/audio.. Scholar's Workstation.. CalBears athletics tickets.. Planning tools and study aids.. Tele-Bears.. ASUC Lecture Notes Online.. (formerly Black Lightning).. Summer classes, studying abroad, continuing education classes.. Advising tutoring resources.. Departments,  ...   Online job listings for UC Berkeley students and alumni.. Internships.. Career counseling.. Career Counseling Library.. Graduate Student Appointments.. Work-Study Programs.. Undergraduate Research Apprentice Program.. Washington Center.. Student-Alumni Career Connections.. Student-Alumni Mentor Program.. MyBerkeleyApplication.. CalNet ID.. Cal 1 Card.. New Student Services.. : Orientations, Welcome Week, more.. About UC Berkeley.. Finding Your Way.. : For first-year students in the College of Letters Science.. Transfer, Re-entry, and Student Parent Center.. Interactive map.. 511.. org.. : Bay Area traffic conditions, bus schedules, bike routes.. Student resource guide.. (Tang Center) |.. Student health insurance.. (SHIP).. Residential computing.. Parking and Transportation.. New Directions.. : Alternative commute program.. Car sharing.. : Short-term car rentals.. Campus shuttles.. Class Pass.. Bay Area dining and activity guides.. Campus venues and tickets.. Podcasts, Web video/audio.. Shopping.. : Where to buy Cal gear, computers, and more.. UC Berkeley..

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  • Title: Prospective students - UC Berkeley
    Descriptive info: Tours visiting campus.. Applicants with special circumstances.. Parents of prospective students.. (Cal Parents).. Join the admissions conversation on social media.. Popular prospective student sites.. myBerkeleyApplication.. Online tour.. Rankings.. Academic departments units (A-Z).. (General Catalog).. Visitor information.. UC Berkeley calendar of events.. Helping prospective students get a feel for Cal, students write about campus life in the.. Golden Bears Blog.. National rankings consistently place UC Berkeley's undergraduate and graduate programs among the world's best.. Berkeley is home to top scholars in every discipline, accomplished writers and musicians, star athletes, and stellar scientists all drawn to this public university by its rich opportunities for groundbreaking research, innovative thinking and creativity, and service to  ...   deadlines.. (complete list).. Honors and awards held by faculty.. Famous Cal alumni.. : Housing, student organizations, sports.. : Students blog about campus life.. Tours and visiting campus.. Visitor Services.. Free public tours of campus.. Virtual tours:.. Online tour and overview.. Virtual-reality panoramas of the Berkeley campus.. Virtual tour of residence-hall rooms.. YOUUniversityTV video tour of UC Berkeley.. Accommodations.. Bay Area activity and dining guides.. Fees, financial aid, scholarships, and fellowships.. Financial aid, scholarships, and fellowships.. : Total annual cost of attending UC Berkeley.. Freshmen international applicants.. Transfer international applicants.. Graduate international-applicant admission criteria.. More services for international students and scholars.. Transfer, Re-Entry Student Parent Center.. Summer classes, studying abroad, continuing education..

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  • Title: Faculty - UC Berkeley
    Descriptive info: Academic units and resources.. Administration and policies.. Employment, benefits, and retirement.. Teaching and classroom resources.. Getting around.. Entertainment and recreation.. Popular faculty sites.. Campus events calendar.. The Berkeley Blog.. UC Benefits.. (At Your Service).. Cal Bears.. schedules.. and.. tickets.. Academic units A-Z.. Faculty Guide to Campus Life.. Blu staff portal.. Cal Photo ID.. Academic units and resources.. (Office of the Vice Chancellor for Research).. Teaching Learning Office.. Academic Senate.. Administrative divisions organization:.. Key administrators.. The.. Administration.. unit oversees campus business, financial, and administrative services, including the.. Budget Office.. Payroll.. , and.. Parking Transportation.. It also encompasses safety and transportation services, student athletics, recreational sports, and health services.. Other key campus administrative sites:.. Facilities Services.. University Relations.. University of California system overview.. Organization charts.. Administrative committees.. Academic policies.. Diversity, Equity and Inclusion.. Administrative policies procedures.. Environment, Health Safety office.. Travel services.. Intellectual-property office.. Employment, benefits and retirement.. Academic Employment Opportunities.. CALcierge.. : Faculty recruitment and retention services.. Office for Faculty Equity.. : Portal for current employees.. Occupational Health Clinic.. : University Health Services treatment and prevention.. Disability Management Services.. : Administers the workers' compensation program.. : Systemwide employee  ...   access student information including class lists and wait lists and can enter and submit final course grades.. : A campus collaboration and learning environment for faculty, GSIs, and students.. Classroom information.. : Number of seats, room attributes and AV equipment, photos of classrooms.. Teach-net.. : A moderated e-mail forum on teaching-related issues at Berkeley, for faculty and staff.. Faculty Help Desk.. : Answers to questions related to teaching at Berkeley.. Teaching materials from the Office of Educational Development.. Teaching resources for GSIs.. Library services for faculty.. Teaching resources, tools, and technology.. : Informative essays, guides, links to technological resources, and help in accommodating students with disabilities.. Offices/centers for teaching tutoring.. Development, recognition, fellowships for teaching.. : Alternative commute programs.. Bear Pass.. Campuswide calendar.. Podcasts and web video/audio.. Berkeley Art Museum.. Pacific Film Archive.. All museums collections.. Cal Performances.. Department of Dance, Theater, and Performance Studies.. ASUC Art Studio.. : Classes in art, crafts, photography, writing, and more.. Lunch Poems.. : Free monthly poetry-reading series.. Cal Bears intercollegiate sports.. Cal Rec Club membership information.. (for campus gym).. Golden Bear Recreation Center.. Pools.. Recreational Sports Facility.. Strawberry Canyon Recreation Area..

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  • Title: Staff - UC Berkeley
    Descriptive info: Key administrative units policies.. New staff.. Job listings, benefits, and retirement.. Professional development.. Popular staff sites.. Events calendar.. CALmessages.. The Scholar's Workstation.. (technology purchases).. Staff health services (A-Z).. A-Z index of UC Berkeley websites.. Key administrative units policies.. Administrative divisions and organization.. Key administrators.. division oversees business, financial, and administrative services for the campus.. Its units include, among others, the.. It is also responsible for safety, student athletics, recreational sports, and health services.. Other campus administrative divisions:.. Environment, Health and Safety:.. University Health Services.. UC Police.. Campus safety programs.. Office of Emergency Preparedness.. Office of Environment, Health Safety.. Construction and facilities management.. Policies, memos, committees overview.. Employment-related policies.. Workplace tools, services resources.. : Secure portal to information, services, and online resources for employees.. bConnected.. for bCal, bMail and Drive.. Campus Business Systems Guide.. Controller's Office.. : Online access to Billing Payment Services; Disbursements; General Accounting; Payroll; Travel Entertainment; Financial Controls Accountability; Extramural Funds Accounting;  ...   provides staff input on campus issues.. Staff Ombuds Office.. : Confidential resolution of work-related issues.. Campus Climate Compliance Office.. : Response to complaints of sex discrimination or harassment for faculty, staff and students, as well as other forms of discrimination.. Information Services and Technology.. Computer help desks on campus.. Personal computing tools:.. CalMail, AirBears, CalNet ID.. Campus IT offices.. Business cards.. Job listings, benefits and retirement.. Staff positions.. Retiree Career-Life Planning, Employment and Volunteering.. Career Compass.. : Tools to facilitate staff career development and help the campus recruit and retain a diverse, high-performing work force; includes job-standards resources.. Career development for staff.. Employee Development Programs.. : Learning and development opportunities for campus staff, including the reduced-fee enrollment program.. Interactive Course Enrollment System.. : Online registration for campus training courses.. Policies that support staff learning and development.. : Traffic conditions, bus schedules, bike routes.. Podcasts Web video/audio.. : Classes in art, crafts, photography, and writing.. Aquatics..

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  • Title: About Berkeley - UC Berkeley
    Descriptive info: Related information.. : Campus mailing address and campus directory.. Mission statement of the University of California.. Principles of Community.. : A guide for personal and collective behavior of members of the campus community.. Links to personnel policies and codes of conduct.. : Student-body makeup, campus statistics, tuition and fees.. : In a National Research Council analysis of 212 doctoral programs at American universities, 48 Berkeley programs place among the top 10 nationwide.. : There are 8 Nobel Laureates, 32 MacArthur Fellows, and 4 Pulitzer Prize winners among the current faculty.. : Historical highlights, arranged by topic, following the campus's development from UC's founding in 1868 to a turn-of-the-century building boom, a research explosion  ...   in the hills and why is it sometimes green? Who wears Oski's jolly bear head and size 54 yellow sweater?.. Tours and webcams.. : Check out what's happening on Sproul Plaza, the campus's true heart.. See stunning live views of the Bay Area from the Lawrence Hall of Science's perch in the Berkeley hills.. Chancellor and administration.. : Information on Chancellor Robert Birgeneau, Executive Vice Chancellor and Provost George W.. Breslauer, and how the university is organized.. Organizational charts.. are included.. UC System overview and links.. : On the campuses, laboratories, and medical centers that comprise UC's public educational system, as well as UC's K-12 partnerships, economic impact, and agriculture and environmental resources..

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  • Title: Facts at a glance - UC Berkeley
    Descriptive info: Student body.. Profile of admitted freshmen.. Fields of study.. Measures of excellence.. Tuition, fees financial aid.. Campus budget finances.. Libraries and museums.. Alumni.. Reference websites.. The University of California was chartered in 1868 and its flagship campus envisioned as a City of Learning was established at Berkeley, on San Francisco Bay.. Today the world's premier public university and a wellspring of innovation, UC Berkeley occupies a 1,232 acre campus with a sylvan 178-acre central core.. From this home its academic community makes key contributions to the economic and social well-being of the Bay Area, California, and the nation.. Student body.. Number of students.. : 36,142 students as of Fall 2011 including 25,885 undergraduates and 10,257 pursuing graduate degrees.. (.. Source.. ).. Undergraduate gender.. : 53% female and 47% male (Fall 2011).. Graduate gender.. : 55% male and 45% female (Fall 2011).. Degrees granted in 2010-11.. : Bachelor's, 7,466; Master's and professional degrees, 2,480; Doctoral, 905.. ).. Enrollment by ethnicity.. (Fall 2011).. Student profiles:.. Undergraduate.. 300Kb PDF).. Graduate.. 1,582 fulltime and 500 part-time faculty members.. dispersed among more than 130 academic departments and more than 80 interdisciplinary research units.. Student-to-faculty ratio.. : 15.. 1 to 1 (Fall, 2009).. Undergraduate classes with fewer than 30 students.. : 74% (Fall, 2009).. Nobel laureates.. : 22 faculty members, including 9 current faculty.. National and international awards.. held by faculty.. Number of applicants.. : 50,312 (Fall 2010).. 4,109 students enrolled (Fall 2010).. 25.. 6% of applicants admitted (Fall 2010 and Spring 2011).. 4.. 19 (on a 4.. 0 scale) median high-school grade point for admitted freshmen (Fall 2010).. SAT scores: Average SAT Composite score of.. 2031.. for admitted freshmen (Fall 2010).. 73% from California (Fall 2010).. 63% from California public high schools (2010).. 1% are first generation college student with neither parent having a four-year college degree (Fall 2010).. 66% have at least one parent born outside the U.. S.. (2009).. Motto: Fiat Lux.. ( Let there be light ).. 130 academic departments and more than 80 interdisciplinary research units.. Colleges and schools.. : UC Berkeley is divided into 14 colleges and schools, most of which are subdivided into departments.. Most popular majors.. (as of Fall 2009): Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, 1500 students; Political Science, 916 students; Molecular and Cell Biology, 1020 students; Environmental Science, Policy and Management, 886 students; Economics 828 students.. Courses offered.. : More than 7,000 courses in some 350 degree programs; the campus produces more Ph.. D.. s annually than any other U.. university.. Cal Facts 2009.. : A National Research Council analysis of U.. universities concluded that UC Berkeley has the largest number of highly ranked graduate programs in the country.. The analysis ranked doctoral programs within a range (such as between 1st and 5th), and found that 48 out of the 52 Berkeley programs assessed ranked within the top 10 nationally.. Over the past decade (2000-2009), the National Science Foundation awarded more Graduate Research Fellowships to UC Berkeley students than to those of any other university (MIT was 2nd; Stanford 3rd; Harvard 4th).. From George Breslauer, who forwarded by by Rand Haley, Higher Education practice, Huron Consulting Group (rhaley@huronconsultinggroup.. com).. A 2008 student survey found that 52% of Berkeley seniors have assisted faculty with research or creative projects.. (UCUES Survey, 2008).. Public service by students.. : In any given year, more than 4,000 Cal students do volunteer work.. UC Berkeley continues to be the only school in the country to have produced  ...   parents, faculty, staff friends: 44.. Foundations: 32.. Corporations: 14.. Campus-related organizations: 0.. Other sources: 8.. Market value of endowment.. 6 billion (June 2010).. ) UC Berkeley Foundation announcement is source for June 09 figure.. Philanthropic support.. : The state supplied 47% of the University's budget in 1991-92 and today its contribution comes to less than 20%.. Private support is increasingly critical to preserving Berkeley's excellence.. Alumni, parents, and friends of the campus contributed $313.. 1 million in gifts and pledges in the 2009-10 fiscal year to support students, faculty, and research.. There were gifts and pledges from 56,800 donors.. The cyclotron was invented at Berkeley, launching a research era in which the fundamental structure of matter was discovered.. In the 2009 fiscal year, Berkeley received $649.. 46 million in research funding.. Source, OSP annual report.. Inventions/patents.. as of June 2010:.. 2,217 total inventions.. 300 active license agreements.. 569 active U.. patents.. 465 active foreign patents.. In 2008, the Association of Research Libraries ranked the UC Berkeley's University Library as the No.. 1 public research university library in North America.. Number of libraries.. : Three main libraries (Doe, Moffitt, and the Bancroft), 18 subject-specialty libraries, and 11 affiliated libraries (with special collections) make up the UC Berkeley Library system.. The Bancroft Library houses the Mark Twain Papers and Project, the world's largest collection of Twain's writings, photos, letters, and scrapbooks.. Holdings.. : The Library has over 10 million book volumes, 90,000 current serial publications, 415,900 pamphlets, 5 million microform items, 410,000 maps, 109,000 government documents, 60,000 sound recordings, and 6,350 videos.. Berkeley Natural History Museums.. include the.. Phoebe Hearst Museum of Anthropology.. ; the.. ; the.. Essig Museum of Entomology.. University and Jepson Herbaria.. Museum of Paleontology.. Museum of Vertebrate Zoology.. ; and the.. Human Evolution Research Center.. Collections.. : A full listing of Berkeley's many valuable collections of non-book artifacts and objects.. houses diverse collections of more than 13,000 objects.. Pacific Film Archive.. includes 10,000 films.. Number of teams.. : 29 men's and women's intercollegiate squads.. National team championships won by Cal teams.. : 84.. Olympic gold medals won by students and alumni (as individuals and teams).. : 99; more than 300 Cal students and alumni have participated in the modern Olympic games as athletes and coaches.. Number of intramural sports offered.. : 9.. Living alumni.. : 458,000 (June 2010).. Cal Facts 2010.. Nobel Prizes won by alumni.. 28.. Famous alumni.. : Steve Wozniak, cofounder of Apple; Eric Schmidt, CEO of Google; Alice Waters, culinary hero; Maxine Hong Kingston, author of The Woman Warrior (.. see a more extensive list.. Fictional alumni.. : Jack Bauer, the hero played by Kiefer Sutherland in the hit show 24, supposedly got his Masters of Science in Criminology and Law at Berkeley (no such degree is offered).. Joanie Caucus of Doonesbury.. C.. J.. Cregg of The West Wing.. Elaine, Mrs.. Robinson's daughter in The Graduate.. Campus statistics.. : The Office of Planning Analysis site includes a number of frequently requested statistics and their comprehensive.. Berkeley Profile.. Common Data Set.. : Information on the general campus; enrollment and persistence; first-time, first-year (freshmen) admissions; transfer admissions; academic offerings and policies; student life; annual expenses; financial aid; instructional faculty and class size; and degrees conferred.. Thanks to Berkeley.. : Cal facts brochure.. 25Mb PDF).. University of California systemwide statistics.. : Statistical summary and data on UC students, faculty, and staff.. NOTE: This site is updated quarterly, using the most recent data available..

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  • Title: National rankings - UC Berkeley
    Descriptive info: Ranking doctoral programs at American universities, the National Research Council collected data in 2005-06 on more than 5,000 doctoral programs in 62 fields at 212 colleges and universities.. Their analysis, published Sept.. 28, 2010, assigned each doctoral program a range within which the program likely ranks, such as between first and third for Agricultural and Resource Economics.. Below are the 48 UC Berkeley programs (out of 52 ranked) that ranged into the top 10 nationwide, based on a regression analysis involving 20 criteria.. The range is indicated in brackets.. Rankings by department.. UC Berkeley Program.. 2010 National Research Council Rankings.. 1.. 2.. 3.. 5.. 6.. 7.. 8.. 9.. 10.. 11.. 12.. 13.. 14.. 15.. 16.. 17.. 18.. 19.. 20.. 21+.. Agricultural and  ...   Computer Science.. [3-11].. English.. [1-9].. Environmental Science, Policy and Management.. [2-11].. Epidemiology.. [1-20].. French.. [6-16].. Geography.. [3-16].. German.. [1-8].. Health Services and Policy Analysis.. [9-38].. Hispanic Languages and Literatures.. [3-19].. History.. [4-11].. History of Art.. [1-7].. Industrial Engineering and Operations Research.. [3-10].. Infectious Diseases and Immunity.. [8-32].. Integrative Biology.. Linguistics.. [2-16].. Materials Science and Engineering.. [5-10].. Mathematics.. Mechanical Engineering.. Medical Anthropology.. [8-47].. Microbiology.. Molecular and Biochemical Nutrition.. [4-22].. MCB: Biochemistry and Molecular Biology.. [1-4].. MCB: Cell and Developmental Biology.. MCB: Genetics, Genomics and Development.. MCB: Immunology.. Music.. [8-33].. Neuroscience/Neurobiology.. [5-13].. Performance Studies.. [3-14].. Philosophy.. [2-10].. Physics.. [1-5].. Plant Biology.. Political Science.. Sociology.. Statistics.. [2-6].. Source: National Research Council, 2010:.. A Data-Based Assessment of Research-Doctorate Programs in the United States.. (Revised April 2011)..

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  • Title: Awards held by faculty - UC Berkeley
    Descriptive info: Awards, grants, fellowships at Berkeley:.. Opportunities for recognition such as the.. Distinguished Teaching Award.. (for faculty) and the.. Outstanding GSI Award.. (for graduate-student instructors) as well as pedagogoical research grants for both faculty and GSIs.. In a.. National Research Council analysis of 212 doctoral programs.. at American colleges and universities, 48 Berkeley programs place among the top 10 nationwide.. The national and international awards held by faculty underscore Berkeley's preeminence.. A total of 22 faculty have been named Nobel Prize winners, including the nine who are current faculty members, along with 32 MacArthur Fellows and  ...   225.. American Philosophical Society.. 42.. American Academy of Arts and Sciences Fellows.. 222.. A.. M.. Turing (computing).. Fields Medal in Mathematics.. Fulbright Scholars.. 74.. Guggenheim Fellows.. 356.. Howard Hughes Medical Institute Investigators.. Institute of Medicine members.. MacArthur Fellows.. 32.. National Academy of Education.. National Academy of Engineering.. 91.. National Academy of Sciences.. 141.. National Medal of Science.. National Poet Laureates.. National Science Foundation Young Investigators Awards.. 61.. Nobel Prize.. (current faculty members).. Polk Award in Journalism.. Pulitzer Prizes.. Shaw Prize.. Sloan Fellows (young researchers).. 115.. Wolf Prizes in agriculture, mathematics, chemistry, physics, medicine and the arts..

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  • Title: History - UC Berkeley
    Descriptive info: Our history.. 19th-century: Founding UC's flagship campus.. Architecture: A 'City of Learning' overlooking San Francisco Bay.. Research: Expanding the boundaries of knowledge.. Activism: A tradition of engagement.. Students: The student body's evolving profile.. Timeline: Discoveries and contributions by UC Berkeley scholars.. UC's first graduating class, 1873.. Founded in the wake of the gold rush by leaders of the newly established 31st state, the University of California's flagship campus at Berkeley has become one of the preeminent universities in the world.. Its early guiding lights, charged with providing education (both practical and classical ) for the state's people, gradually established a distinguished faculty (with 22 Nobel laureates to date), a stellar research library, and more than 350 academic programs.. This California institution became a catalyst of economic growth and social innovation the place where vitamin E was discovered, a lost Scarlatti opera found, the flu virus identified, and the nation's first no-fault divorce law drafted.. Scholars at Berkeley have conducted groundbreaking research on urban street  ...   near the top in fields ranging from engineering and the hard sciences to the social sciences, arts, and humanities.. Case in point: A National Research Council analysis of U.. It ranked doctoral programs within a range (such as between 1st and 5th) and found that 48 out of 52 Berkeley programs assessed ranked within the top 10 nationally.. In accordance with UC's public character, the university has long served talented individuals regardless of means.. As early as 1897, financial aid was available for needy and deserving students.. More than a century later, UC Berkeley combines outstanding teaching and research programs with broad access for students of all means educating more federal Pell Grant recipients from low-income families than all eight Ivy League universities combined.. Close to 30 percent of UC Berkeley freshmen are the first in their families to attend college.. To learn more about UC Berkeley's history and its contributions to human knowledge and social progress, read on.. 19th-century: Founding UC's flagship campus..

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  • Title: Timeline of Discoveries and Contributions 1887 to Present - UC Berkeley
    Descriptive info: Architecture: The 'City of Learning' overlooking San Francisco Bay.. Timeline: Discoveries and contributions by UC Berkeley scholars.. 1887 Earthquake science.. Earth Sciences professors set up the Western Hemisphere's first string of seismographic stations, to systematically record seismic activity and publish these earthquake records.. 1892 Sierra Club.. The Sierra Club is co-founded by John Muir; UC Berkeley professors Joseph LeConte, J.. Henry Senger, and Cornelius Beach Bradley; Stanford University's David Starr Jordan; artist William Keith; and attorney Warren Olney.. Many of the club's 182 charter members are scientists, and LeConte's maps of the Sierra range are among its first publications.. 1895 Nutrition.. E.. Jaffe becomes the first professor of nutrition in the United States.. UC Berkeley quickly moves to the top in this field, making important contributions to the emerging understanding of the positive dietary role of vitamins, minerals, and protein, and the negative role of cholesterol and fats.. 1904 Rube Goldberg.. Rube Goldberg.. receives his engineering degree.. Goldberg subsequently achieves immortality, and a Pulitzer Prize, for his drawings making light of the discipline he studied.. The cartoonist's absurdly complex mechanisms for accomplishing simple tasks have become so ingrained in popular culture that his name appears in the dictionary as an adjective.. More.. 1907 Cleaner smokestacks.. Frederick G.. Cottrell, professor of chemistry, develops an electrical precipitation device to clean smokestack emissions; it is still in use today.. 1914-1920 Yosemite wildlife survey.. Joseph Grinnell, the founding Director of the Museum of Vertebrate Zoology, and zoology professor Tracy Storer conduct a landmark survey of Sierra Nevada birds, mammals, reptiles, and amphibians, from the Central Valley through Yosemite Valley to Mono Lake.. This early work makes it possible for subsequent generations to compare species diversity to the baseline data (see, for instance, the recent.. Grinnell Resurvey Project.. ) In a.. colorful audio narrative.. , Ward Russell recounts what it was like to be in the field with Grinnell.. 1922 Vitamin E.. Anatomy professor Herbert M.. Evans and Dr.. Katharine S.. Bishop co-discover vitamin E.. 1924 Deep-sea diving.. Chemist Joel H.. Hildebrand formulates a mixture of helium and oxygen for deep-sea diving, enabling divers to explore deeper into the sea than ever before, without experiencing the bends.. 1930s Fruit cocktail.. After working his way through school doing odd jobs, William (Vere) Cruess becomes a professor, a food technologist, and chair of the Division of Fruit Products at Berkeley.. There he invents the canned-fruit cocktail.. A.. transcript.. (PDF) of Cruess's oral history, produced by the Regional Oral History Office, is online.. 1930s Statistical theory.. Math professor Jerzy Neyman becomes one of the founders of modern statistical theory, whose applications range from designing the census to assessing the outcome of medical trials.. With British statistician Egon Pearson, Neyman develops a method for choosing the most effective test of a hypothesis, and later develops foundational statistical-theory concepts.. 1931 The cyclotron.. Ernest O.. Lawrence designs the first cyclotron, launching the scientific use of particle physics to discover the fundamental structure of matter.. The cyclotron has a major impact on the treatment of diseases, making it possible to create in large quantities the radioactive isotopes used in medical treatments.. In 1939, Lawrence becomes UC Berkeley's first Nobel laureate.. 1935 Vitamin K.. Herman J.. Almquist with Berkeley's Division of Poultry Husbandry discovers and synthesizes vitamin K, a biomolecule necessary for blood to clot properly.. The manuscript announcing the discovery is rejected by.. Science.. magazine, creating a critical delay that allows Henrik Dam of Copenhagen to beat Almquist to publication and become known as the vitamin's discoverer.. 1937 Nuclear medicine.. John Lawrence, Ernest Lawrence's brother and the director of Berkeley's Donner Lab, becomes the father of nuclear medicine.. In 1937 in the first use of radioisotopes to control disease, Lawrence treats individuals suffering from polycythemia vera (over-abundance of red blood cells) with doses of radio-pharmaceuticals; use of iodine to diagnose and treat hyperthyroidism follows.. 1940s Carbon-14 and photosynthesis.. A team led by chemist Melvin Calvin resolves the riddle of photosynthesis, tracing the pathways by which plants use sunlight to convert carbon dioxide to carbohydrates.. As part of this effort, Calvin discovers that carbon-14 can be used as a molecular tracer, and uses it to reveal the path of carbon as it travels through a plant.. In 1961, Calvin is awarded the Nobel Prize in chemistry.. 1940s Flu vaccine.. The influenza-virus vaccine is developed during World War II by biochemist Wendell M.. Stanley and colleagues.. 1941 Transuranic elements.. Using the cyclotron, plutonium is produced by professors.. Glenn T.. Seaborg.. Edwin McMillan.. and colleagues.. For this work, Seaborg and McMillan share the 1951 Nobel Prize in chemistry.. Plutonium is one of 16 elements to be discovered at UC Berkeley and the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory.. 1943 The atomic bomb.. During World War II, UC directs operation of the U.. government laboratory at Los Alamos, New Mexico, incorporating work by Berkeley faculty and others to develop the atomic bomb.. The laboratory is directed by physics professor J.. Robert Oppenheimer.. 1944 Bovine-growth hormone.. Bovine-growth hormone is first purified by the Institute of Experimental Biology's Herbert Evans and Choh Hao Li.. paving the way for the purification of human-growth hormone and, 30 years later, the cloning of human-growth hormone by scientists at UC San Francisco.. 1947-1955 Lipoproteins and heart disease.. John Gofman.. , medical physics professor, and his former doctoral students Frank Lindgren and Alex Nichols, discover and name the various lipoprotein classes such as low-density lipoproteins (LDL), today referred to as bad cholesterol, and good high-density lipoproteins (HDL) and discover the role of LDL and HDL in heart disease.. The ratio of HDL to LDL is a strong indicator of heart-disease risk, they report.. Gofman and Nichols also conduct dietary studies showing that people respond differently to diets high in fat and cholesterol, depending on their lipoprotein profiles.. 1951 Insect control.. Professor Edward Steinhaus, a pioneer in the field of insect pathology, uses bacteria to attack a  ...   development and distribution, now known as Open Source, which makes source code available for anyone to build upon and improve.. 1978 Beta-endorphin.. Beta-endorphin, a substance produced in the brain that acts as a pain killer, is discovered by Choh Hao Li.. 1980 Demise of the dinosaurs.. Scientists offer evidence that an asteroid or comet struck our planet 65 million years ago, causing the extinction of the dinosaurs and profoundly altering Earth's environment.. The seminal 1980.. Science.. paper was authored by Nobel laureate and professor of physics Luis Alvarez, a senior scientist at Lawrence Berkeley Lab; his son Walter Alvarez, UC Berkeley geologist; and LBL's Frank Asaro and Helen Michels.. 1980 Poet Nobelist.. Poet Czeslaw Milosz receives the Nobel Prize in literature, UC Berkeley's first Nobel outside the sciences.. A native of Poland who obtained political asylum in France before becoming a Berkeley professor in 1961, his work was prohibited by Poland's communist government; the ban falls apart when Milosz is awarded the Nobel and becomes a national hero in his homeland.. Later, Milosz's poems are placed on the monument to fallen shipyard workers in Gda sk.. 1981 CPU design.. Computer scientist David Patterson directs a project that produces a simpler, cheaper, faster approach to the design of computer central processing units (CPUs).. This reduced instruction set computer (RISC) makes CPUs more efficient.. 1985 Telomerase.. Telomerase, an enzyme that promotes cell division and growth, is discovered by molecular and cell biologist Elizabeth H.. Blackburn, Berkeley grad student Carol Greider, and Harvard's Jack Szostak.. In 2009, the three are awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine.. 1988 Microscopic motors.. Along with his graduate students, Richard Muller, professor of electrical engineering and computer sciences, produces the first electrically-powered, microscopic motor, no larger than the width of a human hair.. This micro-machine helps spawn the field of Micro-Electro-Mechanical Systems (MEMS), used in applications including the auto airbag, a device that is triggered by a MEMs device.. 1990 Genes and breast cancer.. Mary-Claire King and her colleagues at Berkeley find a gene that is strongly linked to breast cancer in families with high risk of the disease before age 45.. 1992 Revolution in telescope design.. UC astronomers led by Jerry Nelson co-develop the world's largest telescope, the W.. M.. Keck Telescope, atop Mauna Kea, a dormant volcano on the island of Hawaii.. Revolutionary in design, the Keck's primary mirror is composed of 36 hexagonal segments that join to form a single, honeycombed piece of reflective glass.. 1994 Spousal rape law.. Raping one's spouse becomes a felony in California, a crime legally equivalent to non-marital rape.. The law is the brainchild of Berkeley lecturer Nancy Lemon.. 1995 U.. Poet laureate.. English Professor Robert Hass is named U.. Poet Laureate by the Library of Congress.. The landscapes of his native Northern California figure large in the sensual geography of Hass's work.. He is later awarded the National Book Award and the Pulitzer Prize for his 2007 book.. Time and Materials.. 1995 to present Planet hunt.. Astronomer Geoff Marcy is a pioneer and leader in the discovery of planets beyond our own solar system.. With the discovery of more than 200 exoplanets, Marcy's efforts to find and characterize their orbits and masses leads to a new understanding of the formation of planets and planetary systems.. 1998 An accelerating universe.. Observing distant, ancient exploding stars, Berkeley cosmologists Saul Perlmutter, Adam Riess, Alex Filippenko and international colleagues determine that the universe is expanding at an accelerating rate a striking, counter-intuitive observation that implies the existence of a mysterious, self-repelling property of space known as dark energy.. 1998 Peace Corps volunteers.. UC Berkeley enlists its 3,000th Peace Corps volunteer, more than from any other university.. 2000 Nobel in economics.. Daniel McFadden wins the Nobel Prize in economics, for his work studying behavioral patterns in individual decision-making.. 2001 Nobel in economics.. George Akerlof wins the Nobel Prize in economics, for work showing how markets malfunction when buyers and sellers have access to different information.. 2003 Mark Twain online.. The Bancroft Library brings author Mark Twain into the 21st century, publishing his body of letters online.. Berkeley's library houses the world's largest collection of Twain's writings, photos, scrapbooks, and books from his personal library.. 2006 Medicine for malaria.. A group led by chemical engineer Jay Keasling clears a major hurdle to creating a widely affordable version of the life-saving antimalarial drug artemisinin.. He does this by successfully engineering the production of artemisinic acid, which is one chemical alteration away from artemisinin.. 2006 The seeds of the modern universe.. In 1992, a team led by cosmologist George Smoot obtains the earliest images of the infant universe and observes minute variations in temperature across the sky, revealing the early beginnings of galaxies and clusters of galaxies.. These findings confirm the predictions of the Big Bang theory.. In 2006, Smoot is awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics, becoming the most recent of Berkeley's 20 Nobel laureates.. 2007 Biofuels.. Energy giant BP selects UC Berkeley to lead a $500 million effort to develop biofuels to help meet the world's energy needs.. 2000 to present Satellite operations.. UC Berkeley further extends its research efforts in space, opening a facility at the Space Sciences Laboratory for the operational control of scientific research satellites.. THEMIS, launched in 2007, becomes the 4th satellite to be managed from Berkeley.. 2009 New Institutional Economics.. Oliver Williamson's research on economic governance, especially the boundaries of the firm, opens an analytic window into the make or buy decisions that all businesses face.. A co-founder of the field of New Institutional Economics, Williamson is awarded the Nobel Prize in economics in 2009.. 2010 Rugby champions.. Cal rugby, the most dominant team in modern college sports, captures its 25th collegiate crown (and its 25th in 31 years).. Dating back more than 125 years, Cal varsity rugby has produced 117 All-Americans, 46 U.. National Team players, and six Olympians..

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